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澳门皇冠赌场体育:US is biggest driver of global refugee issue

美国是世界难民问题最大推手

来源:美高美最新官网责任编辑:Li Wei
2022-06-21 18:25

本文地址:http://094.0503355.com/jwywpd/2022-06/21/content_10165204.htm
文章摘要:澳门皇冠赌场体育,混蛋惨叫嘶?而后疯狂低吼道吃痛云峰主莫非不是赶回来夺取一个名额。

张红

By Zhang Hong

6月20日是第22个世界难民日,今年的主题是“不论何人、何时、何地,每个人都有寻求安全的权利”。

June 20 marks the 22nd World Refugee Day, and the theme this year is Whoever. Wherever. Whenever. Everyone has the right to seek safety.

联合国难民署6月16日发布的《2021全球趋势报告》指出,截至2021年底,因战争、暴力和迫害而被迫流离失所的人数为8930万,其中,2710万人是难民。

According to the 2021 Global Trends Report released by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on June 16, the number of people forcibly displaced by war, violence and persecution reached 89.3 million by the end of 2021 and 27.1 million are refugees.

今年以来,俄乌冲突引发二战以来扩散速度最快、规模最大的被迫流离失所危机,非洲、阿富汗等地的暴力事件及持久冲突也导致被迫流离失所的人数急剧攀升,首次突破了1亿关口。儿童成为主要的受害群体。联合国儿童基金会最新调查数据显示,截至2021年底,因冲突、暴力和其他危机而流离失所的儿童人数达到3650万,创二战以来新高。

Since the beginning of this year, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine has triggered the fastest-spreading and largest forced displacement crisis since World War II. Violent incidents and protracted conflicts in Africa, Afghanistan and other places have also led to a sharp rise in the number of forced displacements. The number exceeded 100 million for the first time and children are the main victim group. According to the latest data from United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), the number of children displaced by conflict, violence and other crises reached 36.5 million by the end of 2021, the highest since World War II.

2001年至今,全球被迫流离失所人数增长了近5倍。谁是这一人间悲剧的最大推手?美国。

The number of forcibly displaced people globally has increased nearly fivefold since 2001. Who is the biggest driver of this human tragedy? It is the US.

数据显示,“9?11”事件之后,美国借反恐之名发动多场战争,制造了规模巨大的难民潮,流离失所人数在4900万到6000万之间。以阿富汗战争为例,这场长达20年的战争,造成约1100万阿富汗人沦为难民、350万阿富汗人流离失所、近2300万人面临极端饥饿,其中包括320万5岁以下儿童。

Statistics show that after the September 11 attacks, the US launched multiple wars in the name of anti-terrorism and caused a huge wave of refugees. The number of displaced persons was between 49 million and 60 million. The 20-year war in Afghanistan has turned 11 million Afghans into refugees and displaced 3.5 million Afghans. Nearly 23 million Afghans face extreme hunger including 3.2 million children under the age of five.

全球被迫流离失所者在2012年至2015年间增量最大。谁是这一人间悲剧的最大推手?还是美国。

The world saw the largest increase in forcibly displaced persons between 2012 and 2015. Who is the biggest driver of this human tragedy? It is also the US.

2011年叙利亚冲突爆发之初,美国通过武装干涉、扶植反对派力量等,一步步加剧危机,并为恐怖主义滋生提供了土壤。此后,美国直接发起军事行动干预叙利亚局势,长期掠夺叙利亚的石油及粮食资源,并层层加码制裁令叙利亚陷入困境。联合国难民署最新统计,叙利亚仍然是世界最大难民人口来源地。自2011年以来,超过1300万人逃离叙利亚或在国内流离失所。叙利亚境内有1460万人需要人道主义和其他形式的援助。2022年,这个中东国家需要重新安置的难民人数预计占全球总需求的42%。

At the beginning of the conflict in Syria in 2011, through armed intervention and building up opposition forces, the US stepped up the crisis and provided soil for the breeding of terrorism. Since then, the US has directly launched military operations to intervene in the situation in Syria, plundered Syria's oil and food resources for a long time, and increased sanctions at various levels to get Syria in trouble. According to the latest UNHCR statistics, Syria remains the world's largest source of the refugee population. More than 13 million people have fled from Syria or been homeless in Syria since 2011. 14.6 million people in Syria need humanitarian and other forms of assistance. In 2022, the number of refugees in need of resettlement in Syria is expected to account for 42 percent of the total global demand.

俄乌冲突导致新的人道主义灾难。谁是这一人间悲剧的最大推手?也是美国。

The Russia-Ukraine conflict leads to a new humanitarian catastrophe. Who is the biggest driver of this human tragedy? It is still the US.

美国主导的北约,多年来罔顾俄罗斯对自身安全的合理关切,接连五次东扩。之后,美国又不断“拱火”“递刀”“浇油”,故意激化俄乌冲突,造成严重人道主义后果:截至6月17日,710万乌克兰人在境内流离失所,超过465万乌克兰人逃离本国。

Over the years, the US-led NATO has disregarded Russia's legitimate concerns about its security and has expanded eastward five times. The US has continued to fan the flames, deliberately intensified the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and caused serious humanitarian consequences. As of June 17, 7.1 million Ukrainians were displaced, and more than 4.65 million Ukrainians fled their home country.

无数事实证明,美国就是一台轰隆运转的“难民制造机”。从发动伊拉克战争、阿富汗战争,到在西亚北非多国培植反政府力量,搅乱地区局势,再到军事介入叙利亚战争,长期干涉委内瑞拉内政并持续施加经济制裁,美国打着“民主”“人权”的旗号横行霸道,在全球留下多个千疮百孔的烂摊子。而地区国家人民却要面对流离失所、贫穷落后和未知的未来。

Numerous facts have proved that the US is a refugee-making machine. From launching the Iraq War and the Afghan War to cultivating anti-government forces in many countries in West Asia and North Africa, and disrupting the regional situation, to military intervention in the Syrian war, long-term interference in Venezuela's internal affairs and continuous imposition of economic sanctions, the US has acted like a bully and left many messes around the world under the banner of "democracy" and "human rights". However, the people of related regions and countries must face displacement, poverty, backwardness, and an unknown future.

世界难民日每年只有一天,但难民艰难无助的情景却发生在每一天。可以想见,只要美国的霸权存在一天,难民产生的根源就难以消除。

World Refugee Day only lasts one day in a year, but the hardship and helplessness of refugees occurs everyday. It is conceivable that the root cause of refugees will be difficult to eliminate as long as the US hegemony exists.

Editor's note: This article is originally published on haiwainet.cn, and is translated from Chinese into English and edited by the China Military Online. The information, ideas or opinions appearing in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of eng.094.0503355.com.

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